CANADA INFO


Here you will find some facts about Canada and links to useful sites about visiting Canada. Welcome! Bienvenue!

Note*: Due to the Covid-19 pandemic Canada’s borders are closed to non-residents with a few exemptions. Please click here for more information

CANADA FAST FACTS

  • It’s BIG! It’s the world’s 2nd largest country by area
  • But our population is small by comparison with 38 million inhabitants
  • It has the world’s longest coastline
  • Canada & the USA share the longest international land border
  • Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • We have a parliamentary government
  • We are one of the 15 Commonwealth countries
  • Canada has 6 times zone (we’re that big!)
  • The national sports are Lacrosse (summer) and Ice Hockey (winter)
  • Our national animal is the beaver
  • Our flag is cool – it has a maple leaf
  • Canada’s indigenous peoples are the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis
  • French and English are the official languages
  • Canada has a Multiculturalism Act to help preserve and celebrate cultural diversity

VISITING CANADA

Here are a few things to know when planning a visit to our country. Please check what the entry requirements are for your country. Please note that entry from many countries now require an eTA (Electronic Travel Authorization) even though a visa is not required. You can find information on entry requirements here.

  • CURRENCY
    • Canadian Dollar
    • Symbol: $
    • Code: CAD
    • Notes: $5, $10, $20, $50, $100
    • Coins: ¢5, ¢10, ¢25, $1, $2
    • Did you know?
    • Canada no longer uses pennies (¢1 or $0.01)
    • $1 coins are called “loonies”
    • $2 coins are called “toonies”
  • ELECTRICITY
    • 120 V with 60 Hz
    • Electric sockets are Type A and B (plugs being 2 or 3 pronged)
    • You may need an adapter for your electric plugs
    • If your electric items are not dual voltage you will need a voltage converter
  • DRIVING
    • Driving is on the right-hand side of the road
    • A valid driver’s license is required from your home country
    • Alternatively an International Driving Permit (IDP) issued from your home country is also valid
    • Alcohol and drug-impaired driving in Canada carries stiff penalties including fines and jail time
    • It is illegal to driver in Canada without car insurance. If you rent a car make sure you have appropriate insurance
    • Canada is on the metric system so distance and speeds are in kilometres
  • OTHER INFORMATION
    • Legal drinking age is 19 years of age except in Alberta, Manitoba, and Quebec where it is 18 years of age
      • Valid government-issued photo ID is required to enter bars or buy alcohol
    • GST Tax (Goods & Services Tax)
      • is added to most good and services at 5% AFTER the price listed
      • some provinces have combined GST to their provincial sales tax and is referred to as HST (Harmonized Sales Tax)
      • Other provinces charge GST and PST (Provincial Sales Tax) separately
    • Gratuities/Tipping
      • are rarely included in restaurants and bars
      • 15% -20% on the pre-tax amount is customary
      • some establishments may add an automatic gratuity on group bookings
      • Tipping is not required though it is considered impolite to not tip
    • Cannabis
      • Legal age to carry, share, buy, and grow cannabis is 18 years of age (some provinces and territories my have further restrictions)
      • Purchasing must be from licenced & legal distrubtors
      • Limits as to the amount one can possess are in place
  • WEATHER
    • It’s cold in the winter and lots of snow!
    • It can get hot in the summer – humid in some areas and dry in others
    • Except Vancouver and Vancouver Island where it rains in the spring, fall, winter, and summers are moderate
    • Canada’s north is great for seeing the Northern Lights in the winter and experience Midnight Sun in the summer

Information listed is for general informational purposes. Please refer to the links provided (current at time of posting) for up-to-date and valid information.

Northern BC, Canada – taken and owned by Eeva Valiharju / Wanders the World

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